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Index of Chinese Phrases and Vocabulary
with mp3 audio pronunciations and related video instruction lesson


The following video demonstrates each syllable of the pinyin structure
and the exercise of pinyin/zhuyin with basic Chinese 4-tune pronunciation

Mandarin pinyin tunes
Click the framed calligraphic Chinese symbol icons
to link more related multi-character Chinese words!

retroflex tunes in Mandarin

shāng, sháng, shǎng, shàng

first tune

shāng

commerce; business

shāng

merchant; businessman; trader

商人

shāng rén

commerce; business

shāng

person

rén

hurt; injure
wound; injury

shāng

Chinese characters also pronunced shāng


third tune

shǎng

award; reward

shǎng


fourth tune

shàng

top; up; upper

shàng

up and down
high and low

上,下

shàng xià

up; upper

shàng

down; under

xià

Chinese characters also pronunced shàng

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